Familiarity with Persian rug
The art of Persian rug weaving is well-known among people all around the world. If you have ever been to one of the Persian rug markets, you must be excited to see a world of patterns and colors and beauty. Seeing all that art and beauty in a two-by-three or three-by-four frame or any other shape and size may encourage anyone to buy a board of those beautiful rugs, now either for use or its decorative aspect. In any case, there is no doubt that Iranian carpet is one of the most popular carpets in the world and has a great reputation, popularity and fame. Here we examine the reason for the popularity of Persian rug.
The history of Persian rug
Carpet experts believe that the art of carpet weaving originates from Asia. Researchers say Iran, Turkestan and the Caucasus are the primary cradle of carpet weaving. The proofs of some texts suggest that the art of carpet weaving existed long before Christ. Famous Greek poet and epic of seventh century BC, described a throne which is covered with a purple carpet. Also, other historians, poets and writers have mentioned in their writings that Iranians have a habit of resting on very soft and delicate carpets. A simple study shows us that in addition to Iran, carpet weaving industry is common in countries such as Turkey, Spain, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, the Caucasus, Pakistan, India, Egypt, China, and even Romania and the Balkan Peninsula. And they have been active in this field. The art of Persian rug weaving is obvious in everyone’s trip to Iran.
But in the end, this art was specific to the Iranians, and Iranians were the first people to turn to carpet weaving and related arts. In this case their art is world-famous. According to studies, the first carpet in the world is Persian Pazyryk rug. It was discovered by a group of Russian archaeologists in excavations in the Altai region of southern Siberia in a valley of the same name, Pazyryk.
The history of carpets dates back to the fifth and sixth millennia BC in Central Asia. Pazyryk Iranian carpet is the first and oldest handmade carpet in the world. Its texture is attributed to the Achaemenid period. In the Ctesiphon Palace, there is a very famous carpet called Baharestan which has a lot of glory and beauty. It has been considered in Islamic literature and has a wide reflection. Due to the beauty and art, and the precision and elegance that exists in the texture of carpets and rugs, this art has always been precious. Today, people pay attention to its decorative aspect more.
History of the Pazyryk Carpet
Some believe that the rug belongs to Nineveh, because this style of carpet weaving was common in Nineveh, and it is good to know that the tomb where the rug was located found in the north of Atayi Mountains on the Mongolian border and belonged to the Scythian king. The Scythians are also known as the Scythians, the Masajids, and the Scythians, and were nomadic and Iranian people who lived in the years before the Achaemenids. The Scythians were hardworking people and artists whose words were scattered throughout the text. Socrates, Aristotle, Herodotus, and Ptolemy have been found.
Other scholars attribute Pazyryk to the Medes and Parthians and theorize different theories about the exact date of the carpet, but it is still true that Pazyryk belonged to the Scythians, who were pastoralists, and so on. The carpet is woven with wool from their livestock.
A lot of research has been done with different devices including radioactive on the carpet to determine its exact date, but the results have been different each time. Finally, according to Rodnicko’s next studies on Persepolis designs, there are many similarities between the designs of these two works. It was found to be ancient, dating back to the Achaemenid period and the 4th and 5th centuries BC, and is estimated to be 2,500 years old.
The carpet is currently housed in the Armitage Museum in Russia, and you can view the Pazyryk carpet on the museum’s website.
The popularity of Persian rug
One of the main reasons why Persian rugs have received more attention in the world and have more customers is that they have more variety of colors than carpets produced in other countries. The quality of materials used in them is better as well. It has a special use and the colors look vivid and natural. Its patterns and drawings are attractive and it has a special charm that is eye-catching for the viewer and the buyer. All these factors have been effective in this regard and made Iranian carpet have its own fame and popularity.
Features of Persian rug
Regardless of the circumstances, the geography of each city’s carpet differs from that of any other city in Iran. In some cases, they are completely different because the cultural situation of the two cities is different. A number of differences include differences in texture, pattern, thread, and wool. In some cases, even if a rug is woven by two different carpet weavers who have the same pattern, appearance, only one master and expert in carpet weaving can tell the difference between the two carpets. This is a flaw in the art of Iranian carpet weaving.
In general, for a high quality carpet, the following features should be considered:
- Twelve rows of knots in a knot unit(Iranian carets have special measuring unit called Zar’a)
- The wool should be cut from back of the sheep and not separated by lime
- Sheep grazed in mountainous, green and fresh regions
- The color used must be highly stable
You should also consider the following when buying carpets:
- Differences in carpet designs
- Size difference
- Use natural colors
- Coordinating the colors of the carpet
Machine-made Persian rug
There are machine-made carpet factories in most cities of Iran, but due to the facilities available in some cities of Iran, there are more factories in some cities. Kashan, Aran and Bidgol are called the capital of Iranian machine-made carpets. In these cities, more than 700 production units are active in the production of machine-made carpets. Also, other cities that produce carpets are Yazd, Mashhad, Delijan, Isfahan and several other cities. Undoubtedly, Persian rug has been famous for a long time and has been considered, welcomed and used by all countries in the world. In this regard, Iran is one of the major exporters of this industry. Currently, 40% of the country’s carpet exports are provided by East Azerbaijan Province.
Tabriz Carpet is very different from other city carpets. Types of carpet weaving in Tabriz include micro-weaving and coarse-weaving, and its difference is very clear from other cities in terms of map, quality, and materials. For example, it is significantly different from Isfahan carpet design or Kerman carpet design. Knowing the carpet and its features, except for its specialized and professional cases, is not a very difficult task, and it is easily possible. A carpet buyer can see and touch the carpet to some extent to realize its quality. The carpet of each part of Iran is different according to the climatic, geographical and cultural conditions of that point.