The history of Iranian carpet
Carpet experts believe that the art of carpet weaving originates from Asia. Researchers say Iran, Turkestan and the Caucasus are the primary cradle of carpet weaving. The proofs of some texts suggest that the art of carpet weaving existed long before Christ. Famous Greek poet and epic of seventh century BC, described a throne which is covered with a purple carpet. Also, other historians, poets and writers have mentioned in their writings that Iranians have a habit of resting on very soft and delicate carpets. A simple study shows us that in addition to Iran, carpet weaving industry is common in countries such as Turkey, Spain, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, the Caucasus, Pakistan, India, Egypt, China, and even Romania and the Balkan Peninsula. And they have been active in this field. The art of Iranian carpet weaving is obvious in everyone’s trip to Iran.
But in the end, this art was specific to the Iranians, and Iranians were the first people to turn to carpet weaving and related arts. In this case their art is world-famous. According to studies, the first carpet in the world is Persian Pazyryk rug. It was discovered by a group of Russian archaeologists in excavations in the Altai region of southern Siberia in a valley of the same name, Pazyryk.
The history of carpets dates back to the fifth and sixth millennia BC in Central Asia. Pazyryk Iranian carpet is the first and oldest handmade carpet in the world. Its texture is attributed to the Achaemenid period. In the Ctesiphon Palace, there is a very famous carpet called Baharestan which has a lot of glory and beauty. It has been considered in Islamic literature and has a wide reflection. Due to the beauty and art, and the precision and elegance that exists in the texture of carpets and rugs, this art has always been precious. Today, people pay attention to its decorative aspect more.
History of the Pazyryk Carpet
Some believe that the rug belongs to Nineveh, because this style of carpet weaving was common in Nineveh, and it is good to know that the tomb where the rug was located found in the north of Atayi Mountains on the Mongolian border and belonged to the Scythian king. The Scythians are also known as the Scythians, the Masajids, and the Scythians, and were nomadic and Iranian people who lived in the years before the Achaemenids. The Scythians were hardworking people and artists whose words were scattered throughout the text. Socrates, Aristotle, Herodotus, and Ptolemy have been found.
Other scholars attribute Pazyryk to the Medes and Parthians and theorize different theories about the exact date of the carpet, but it is still true that Pazyryk belonged to the Scythians, who were pastoralists, and so on. The carpet is woven with wool from their livestock.
A lot of research has been done with different devices including radioactive on the carpet to determine its exact date, but the results have been different each time. Finally, according to Rodnicko’s next studies on Persepolis designs, there are many similarities between the designs of these two works. It was found to be ancient, dating back to the Achaemenid period and the 4th and 5th centuries BC, and is estimated to be 2,500 years old.
The carpet is currently housed in the Armitage Museum in Russia, and you can view the Pazyryk carpet on the museum’s website.