Shiraz | city of love, poetry and literature; Sights of Shiraz

The historical tourist attractions of Shiraz can be classified into several categories. Some of these monuments are the mausoleums of great people of Iranian culture and literacy. Some are mansions, gardens, castles and citadels. Others are schools, mosques and museums, and the others are important antiquities of the pure land of Iran. In today article of chiyakotravel, we are going to visit some of the most famous poets of Persian lyrics of Iran history together.

mausoleums of poets in Shiraz

In a period of Iran’s history, there was no opportunity for growth and prosperity in all around Iran except in the city of Shiraz. This heartbroken city had compassionate and just rulers. The dominance of these rulers was an opportunity for great people of that time. The support of these rulers and the security they established in the city of Shiraz brought great people such as Saadi Shirazi, Khajoo Kermani, Obaid Zakani and Hafez Shirazi to settle down and excel in this land. In the following, we will visit mausoleums of three greats of Persian literature in the city of Shiraz.

1) Saadi mausoleum

Abu Mohammad Musalih al-Din ibn Abdullah Saadi was a seventh-century poet and writer in Shiraz. His tomb in Shiraz is visited by thousands of domestic and foreign tourists every day.

Khajeh Shamsuddin Mohammad Sahib Divan Wazir, known as Abagha, built a tomb above the tomb of Saadi in the seventh century AH which was destroyed in 998 AH by Yaqub Zolghadr, the ruler of Persia. Later, Karim Khan Zand built a two-story brick and plaster mansion on Saadi’s tomb. On the first floor of the room in the eastern part was the tomb of Saadi, and in the western room, Shurideh, the blind poet of Shiraz was later buried . Fath Ali Khan, the owner of the court, restored it during Qajar period. Years later, Habibullah Khan Qawam al-Mulk ordered the building to be restored, and Sheikh Molla Zein al-Abedin Shirazi became the custodian of the tomb.

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In 1327, the current tomb was built according to the plan of Mohsen Foroughi and Ali Sadeghi by the efforts of Ali Asghar Hekmat instead of the old building.

Address: Northeast of Shiraz. Bustan Boulevard

Tel: 7301300 071

Visiting hours: The first six months from 7:30 am to 10 pm and in the second six months of the year from 8 am to 8:30 pm

Entrance ticket: 3000 Tomans for domestic tourists and 20,000 Tomans for foreign tourists.

Saadi
Saadi

Saadi Tomb | peace from the heart of Bustan and Golestan

Get ready for a different journey and come with us to Saadi Shiraz tomb; The eternal home of a poet who has a global reputation and whose poems are heard all over the world. Saadieh in Shiraz is a place for the lovers of this great poet of Iran, and has a special atmosphere. In the meantime, seeing the photo of Saadi’s tomb, you will probably be curious about its architecture and want to know more about it.

When you walk to Shiraz, you can ask Saadieh from anyone and ask for the address of the tomb of the great poet of Iran. This historical tomb is located in one of the beautiful streets of the city and is located near Delgosha Garden. By stepping into Saadieh area, you experience another world; A world that talks to you about Persian poetry and literature and recounts Saadi’s advice to you.

Passing through the entrance door, the raised pillars of the tomb are placed in front of you and show a special splendor and solidity. This tomb is so valuable and beautiful that its name has been in the list of national monuments of Iran since December 9, 1975.

Sadi in shiraz
Sadi in shiraz

Who was Saadi?

Saadi, is an Iranian, Persian poet and writer who was born in 606 AH and died in 690 AH. He studied in the military in Baghdad which at that time was considered the most important center of science and knowledge in the Islamic world, and was taught by great scholars. After graduating, he traveled to different areas and chose the job of a preacher. Saadi spent 30 years in tourism and then came to Shiraz and died in the same city.

Saadi Shirazi
Saadi Shirazi

This great poet has an undeniable influence on the Persian language and there is a significant similarity between modern Persian and Saadi. His works have long been used in schools and libraries as a source of teaching Persian language and literature, and many common proverbs in Persian language have been adapted from his works. One of his characteristics was the fact that he turned to simplification and was able to gain a great deal of fame for his simple lyrics unlike many contemporary or earlier writers; so that the people who are interested in literature have called Saadi “the master of speech”, “the king of speech”, “the sheikh of death” and even the master.

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His works have been collected in Saadi’s book “Koliat” and his book “Golestan”, “Bustan” and his lyric poems have been published independently. Golestan and Bustan books are books with moral themes and in addition to the works of Persian speakers, their influence can be seen in the works of Western thinkers such as the French Voltaire and the German Goethe.

Saadi
Saadi

2) Tomb of Hafez (Hafezieh)

Khajeh Shams-Al-Din Mohammad Shirazi known as Hafez is one of the great poets and lyricists of Iran in the eighth century. He passed away in 729 AH and was buried in the north of Shiraz.

Less than a hundred years after the death of Hafez Shirazi, a dome-shaped tomb and a large pond in front of it were built on the tomb of Hafez by Shamsuddin Mohammad Yaghmaei, Minister of Mirza Abolghasem Gurkhani. In the following periods, the tomb was restored several times until Karim Khan Zand laid a marble stone on Hafez’s tomb and built a court in the style of the buildings of his time. The memory hall with its stone columns also belongs to the same period.

Today’s Hafezieh building was built in 1315 by Ali Asghar Hekmat and under the supervision of Ali Sami, designed by the Frenchman Andre Godard, inspired by Zandieh architecture.

Address: North of Shiraz. The boundary between the crossroads of Hafezieh and the crossroads of Adabiat

Phone: 2284552

Visiting hours: The first six months from 7:30 am to 10 pm and in the second six months of the year from 8 am to 9:30 pm

Entrance ticket: 3000 Tomans for domestic tourists and 20,000 Tomans for foreign tourists.

Hafezieh
Hafezieh

The tomb of Hafez, known as Hafezieh, is located north of Shiraz and south of the Quran Gate. If you enter Shiraz from the Quran Gate, the first historical monument you will see is Hafizieh. Hafezieh has an area of 2 hectares with two courtyards north and south. The two courtyards are separated by a hall. This complex also has 4 entrance and exit doors. The main door is located on the south side of the building. Two doors are located on the west side and another door on the northeast side.

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Hafez
Hafez

3) Tomb of Khajoo Kermani

Kamal al-Din Abu al-‘Ata ‘Mahmud Ibn Ali Kermani known as Khajou is one of the poets in Mongol period and the greatest poet of Kerman. He lived in Shiraz at the end of his life and died in the same city.

In 1315, Fars Culture Department built the tomb of Khajoo Kermani in the city of Shiraz. This tomb is located in a space without a roof and the water of Roknabad spring passes by it.

Address: At the beginning of Shiraz-Isfahan road. In Tang Allah Akbar. Overlooking the gate of the Quran

Visiting hours: daily and without holidays

Admission: Free

Khajoo Kermani
Khajoo Kermani

The tomb of Khajoo Kermani which is one of the national records of our country, is located in the open air, and according to an old custom that placed two stones above and below the graves of poets and mystics, two columns can be seen at the top and bottom. In 1337, a room was built in the northern part of the tomb, which is now a cultural center. In the forehead of this room, two sonnets from Khajoo are written in Nasta’liq script on the tile.

Khajoo Kermani grave
Khajoo Kermani grave

There are 3 caves near Khajoo’s tomb, one of which used to be a place of worship for Zahedan and the sheikhs, and Khajoo Kermani also sat in this cave for some time. Another cave is the burial place of Khajeh Emad al-Din Mahmud – the famous minister of Shah Sheikh Abu Oshaq Inju. Inside and around these caves, reliefs related to Persian mythology, Fath Ali Shah and his sons and historical events can be seen. Two half-columns in the style of the columns of the Zandieh period are other attractions of this attraction. In addition to all this, during the reconstructions that took place in 1991, a statue of Khajoo Kermani was added to the tomb.

Khajooy-e Kermani
Khajooy-e Kermani