About Kerman Jame mosque
Kerman Jame mosque is one of the mosques was built during Muzaffarid era in 1350 AC. The point is that Iranian Muslim people use Jame mosque for Friday praying. That is why Iranian call these mosques Jome (Friday) Mosque, but it is not a suitable word for calling. The good translation of Jame is congregational.
Kerman Jame mosque location
Kerman Jame mosque is located at the heart of traditional Kerman bazaar. After crossing bazaar you will face the huge gate of mosque.
Kerman Jame mosque’s plan is Four quarters. In the other words they used each ports based on the seasons. The magnificent part of the mosque is the Mihrab. It fixed in 16th century as Qible. Architects of the Mihrab designed it by colorful tiles. Architectural beauty, splendor and beauty with great antiquity are characteristics of Kerman Mosque. Kerman Jame mosque located on the west side of Mushtaqiyeh Square (Martyrs Square) and at the beginning of Dr.Shariati Street. It also located near the Ganj Ali Khan Bazaar.
Many cities in Iran have a historic mosque called Jame Mosque which is one of the most beautiful tourist attractions of that city. The beautiful city of Kerman in southeastern Iran, which has many valuable monuments, is no exception. Kerman Jame mosque, known as the Mosque of Kerman, is a historic mosque of unique and magnificent architecture that can attract the attention of any tourist.
Kerman Jame mosque construction
Kerman Jame Mosque built in the middle of the eighth century AD, around the year 750 AH. Amir Mubarezddin Mohammad Muzaffari Meibodi is the name of one of the kings of “Al Muzaffar”, and construction of this mosque was attributed to his reign. That is why the original name of the mosque is the Mozaffari Jama’ah. Kerman Jame Mosque is currently 700 years old. Historical documents show that the mosque of Mozaffari built outside Kerman and after many years, the city of Kerman grew larger and embraced this valuable mosque.
The story of the construction of Kerman Jame mosque is that Mohammad Mozafari Meibodi had a fierce battle with an ethnic group called “Germans and Ogans” and intended to leave a good legacy if he survives. After survival, he came to Kerman from the battlefield and decided to build a mosque. It seems that he managed the construction of the mosque by earning money from harvesting and selling his crops in Meibod. This is how the original building of this magnificent mosque built.
Characteristics of mosque architecture
Kerman Jame mosque has three entrances on the west, east and north sides. The dimensions of the mosque’s courtyard are 66.5 meters by 49 meters. In fact, the area of the mosque’s courtyard is over 3258.5 square meters. On the east side there is a large corridor with beautiful tiles, and a clock which is of particular beauty.
The mosque is categorized in the four-porch mosque group. Tiling in this mosque is beautiful in their own way. Mogharnas (vaulted and arched designs) in the eastern porch of the mosque also attracted attention. We should also mention the mosaic tiles of the altar that are on the west side of the mosque. Some experts consider mosaic tiles to be the most valuable part of the mosque’s eastern courtyard. The margin of altar made of marble with the use of a series of beautiful lines on it which doubled the beauty of the altar. We should mention that the color of yellow has applied in the design of this part.
But if you go behind the altar on the west side of the mosque, you’ll see a poet’s shrine there. In fact, this shrine belongs to the Persian poet Mola Beman Ali Raji Kermani, whose poetry courtesy of the Heidari attack stands as a valuable memento.
Damages and reconstructions
Kerman Jame mosque has been damaged over the years like many of the country’s historical monuments. During the reign of Shah Abbas II, a person named “Shahrokh Nami” repaired the historic mosque. Also, as you can see from the lines at the top of the minarets of mosque, the “Mohammad Taqi Khan Dorani” who ruled Kerman during the reign of Zandiyeh, has rebuilt parts of the mosque in the 1176th AH.
Also in February 1979, a group of Pahlavi-affiliated agents, in a fierce response to the revolutionary movements of people of Kerman, burned mosque, killing several people. Mosque repaired again after this incident. In another example, the eastern side of mosque destroyed by the shooting bullets by Mr Mohammad Khan Qajar and was subsequently rebuilt.
Kerman Mosque has damaged and rebuilt many times throughout history. When we talk about rebuilding this mosque, it is also necessary to remember “Enayatullah bin Nizam al-Din Isfahani architect”. This person, whose name appears on the grand porch of the mosque, has played a large role in the carving and tiling of the building as well as the restoration work.
Recorded in Iranian National Monuments
Mozaffari mosque or more commonly known as Kerman Jame mosque, is one of the oldest mosques in Iran and one of the most valuable monuments in the city of Kerman.