Walk through History in Yazd
In the narrow and winding alleys, under the golden glow of the sun, you walk freely towards an invisible destination, through the thatched walls and a space full of the scent of damp soil. And you see a sense of history and magnificent scenery! This is a dream that you will experience in the historical context of Yazd, the first and largest brick city in the world. In the historical context of Yazd, the sturdy thatched walls, mixed with the blue of the sky, and the intelligent coexistence of man and stubborn nature, can be felt well in the margins of the arches, windbreaks and Sabats. We look forward to taking you into this amazing historical context. So stay with this article of Chiyakotravel until the end.
Ancient Yazd, the first brick city and the second historical city in the world, is located somewhere between Lut desert, and Dasht-e Kavir, the driest regions of Iran. Nature forces has caused the first inhabitants of this city to use their human intelligence and make friends with stubborn nature by creating solutions. This coexistence of man and nature has created a beautiful, unique and purposeful texture as the core of Yazd. Over time, this texture is well preserved and is now known as one of the most valuable historical sites in Iran and the world. The historical context of Yazd, with about 77 neighborhoods and more than 2500 years old, has been registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Historical context of Yazd | The widest historical residential fabric
The historical context of Yazd is known as the most intact and extensive historical residential context of Iran and covers an area of more than 700 hectares. This texture is a unique combination of old back alleys, houses, sabbaticals and brick buildings that have all the features of individual and social life. Its geographical location; It is limited to Dolatabad Street from the north, Kashani Street from the south, Fahadan neighborhood from the east and Motahhari Street from the west. Not only more than 1700 historical monuments of Yazd, but also the whole traditional and brick texture of Yazd are in the same area.
Characteristics of the historical context of Yazd
Some of the features of the historical texture of Yazd include very dense and compact texture, completely enclosed urban spaces, covered and irregular alleys, connected buildings without distance, placement of biological complexes based on the direction of sunlight and wind. The narrow alleys as well as the high walls are also features of the historical texture of Yazd. The ancient ancestors of the Yazd people raised the walls to provide shade throughout the day, and by winding and narrowing the alleys, they broke the wind speed and protected the citizens from the danger of strong winds. Roofed alleys and sabbaticals were built with the same philosophy to protect the citizens as much as possible from the wind and sun.
Thatch is the main and most prominent material known in the architecture of the historical context of Yazd. This material has been mixed with the life of the people of Iran from the beginning due to its insulating properties and high endurance, heat and cold passage, non-leakage of rain in the domed roofs and thatched roofs, cheapness, and easy plastering. Thatch has found its way into all the old buildings of Yazd and its warm color has given life and soul to the city.
The architecture of Yazd houses is a beautiful and obvious example of desert house architecture and suitable for hot and dry climates in the world. Yazd house plans have many unique components, which are Public courtyard (exterior), private courtyard (interior), hallway, bed, hall, windbreak, entrance, porch, study room, bedroom, fasting room, three angle doors, five angle doors, sash, attic, closet, kitchen, water source and Juice House.
In Yazd city architecture, houses are built towards the Qibla and summer spaces including basement, hall, pool house, porch and footstool, and winter rooms including three doors, five doors, attic and house chairs around the courtyard are designed very carefully. Is.
One of the prominent features of traditional Yazd architecture is the creation of windbreaks in the building. Windbreaks are high polygonal columns (in Yazd, 4 or octagonal) that are placed on top of the building and have vents for wind to enter. Wind enters the column through vents, is directed into the building, and controls the temperature. Under the windbreak and in the space inside the house, there is usually a pool of water. The wind cools the pool water and makes the space inside the house more pleasant. Citizens usually laid wooden beds on the pond and rested there on summer days.
An example of the ancient and original architecture of Yazd is observed in the neighborhood of “Fahadan” or “Yuzdaran”, which in the local dialect is called “forest or neighborhood of Yuzdaran”. Other important historical neighborhoods of Yazd; Old Qaleh neighborhood, Sar Jame neighborhood, Sar Do Rah neighborhood, Yaghoubi neighborhood, Mosalla neighborhood and Lab Khandagh neighborhood.
Maybe until a few years ago, the world and even the people of Iran knew Yazd as a beautiful and touristic city, but today Yazd is known as one of the most amazing cities in the world. The old quarters and the traditional and historical texture of this city have now reached the world record and are known not only in the country, but all over the world. Yazd is now the first brick city in the world and the second historic city in the world. Venice is also the first historic city in the world. In this article, we will fully acquaint you with the traditional and historical context of Yazd.
How did the traditional and historical context of Yazd become world registered?
The first question that may arise in everyone’s mind is why the traditional and historical context of Yazd has achieved such fame and status?
Winding and narrow alleys, the scent of untouched soil, the golden glow of the sun on the thatched walls, the blue sky, the smell of history and the magnificent, dreamy and mysterious scenery! This is what you will experience in the historical context of Yazd, the first and largest brick city in the world. In the historical context of Yazd, the sturdy thatched walls, mixed with the blue of the sky, and the intelligent coexistence of man and stubborn nature can be seen in the margins of arches, sabats and architectural details. The historical context of Yazd, with about 77 neighborhoods and dating back more than 2500 years, is one of the most valuable historical regions of Iran and the world and has been registered in the list of national heritage. The complex is also inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
In fact, the main reason for this is the unique and untouched historical and traditional architecture of this region. It does not take long for the world to register the traditional architecture and texture of this city. It was on July 9, 1996 that the historical context of Yazd was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The historical texture of Yazd is a beautiful and artistic combination of alleys, houses, sabats and old brick buildings. Yazd is the land of raw bricks. In addition to the world record of the traditional and historical texture of Yazd, 1700 historical monuments of Yazd along with the traditional and historical texture of this city have been registered as an amazing national monument.
Why does the traditional texture of Yazd have a special architecture?
As you know, in the past, due to the lack of facilities, people who lived in different areas designed their way of life based on the climatic conditions of their area of residence. Yazd has always been a desert region, low water, hot and dry, and the traditional texture should have been designed to be compatible with the harsh living conditions in this region.
The peaceful coexistence of the people of this region has been going on since the beginning of their residence in this land, and the people of this region have been able to live with the dry and desert nature of this region. Perhaps it can be said that the secret of the success of the people of Yazd to live in such a geographical location was hard work and contentment. Therefore, we can probably distinguish the creativity of the people of Yazd from the traditional context and the historical and old streets and houses of this region.
Features and specifications of traditional Yazd texture
The markets and alleys of the traditional and historical texture of Yazd are completely designed based on the geographical conditions of this region. Roofed passages and markets (called Sabat) that were built to provide shade for people who are passing. The sun shines very brightly in this land, and these roofed passages can shelter passers-by, hot and sunny.
Another feature of the traditional texture of Yazd is the use of windbreaks in homes. Natural ventilation systems that cool the air by passing air through the compartments and help cool the houses in summer.
Some other features of the traditional texture of Yazd that can be seen in the corners of these old areas are dense and compact texture and houses without distance and intertwined, small, narrow and covered alleys and the type of architecture of the building based on the wind direction and It is the sunshine.
Architecture and design of traditional and old houses in Yazd
As we mentioned, the traditional texture of the historical areas of Yazd is designed according to the architecture of desert areas and in accordance with the geographical conditions of this area. This includes traditional weaving houses. In this city, in each neighborhood, there are separate baths, water storage, mosque and Hosseiniyah, bazaar, access to the aqueduct through water streams and some other buildings, and some of these cases are still available. Reservoirs, markets, houses, mosques and husseiniyahs mostly use windbreaks. But houses in these areas have more components.
The houses of the traditional and historical areas of Yazd were built towards the Qibla. These houses have a private architecture and are composed of different elements. Outdoor courtyard, indoor courtyard, hallway, bed, hall, windbreak, entrance, basement, pool house, porch, footstool, house chair, porch, study, bedroom, fasting room, three doors, five doors, sash, attic, closet, Kitchen, water source and water house are some parts of the traditional texture houses of Yazd.
Some of these parts of the house are summer spaces of the house and others are for cold and winter seasons. What can be seen in Yazd architecture is the use of appropriate materials with geographical conditions, observing the beauty of the building and the importance of home comfort.
The role and importance of windbreaks in Yazd architecture
What caused an initiative called Badgir to gain a special and important place in the traditional architecture of Yazd was the climatic conditions of this city. The hot summer weather in this desert city has been so annoying that the people of this area have thought of a solution for it. A solution called windbreak to cool houses, mosques and reservoirs. It is interesting to know that this initiative which is now highly praised by architects around the world, has been used in other tropical cities of Iran after Yazd, and we still see the effects of this initiative in the architecture of other cities in Iran.
Yazd is known as the city of windbreaks and the reason is that it is widely used in Yazd houses. Because windbreaks in desert areas help a lot to cool the air in the house, they are used in every house.
Windbreaks, domes and minarets can be considered as the architectural symbol of Yazd province and city. The way the windbreaks work is that they catch the wind flow and pull it down at a high speed, and due to the movement and circulation of air in the windbreaks, cool air enters the houses and water reservoirs. These windbreaks which were built in one-sided and four-sided, in addition to the cooling function, also contributed to the beauty and splendor of the architecture of Yazd houses. If you plan to travel to Yazd, be sure to visit the night site to stay in Yazd.