Ramadan is one of the Islamic months. It is the ninth month of Muslim’s calendar. Different groups and tribes in Iran have their special ritual customs. Muslims fast from dawn to dusk in this holy month. Ramadan is one of the most important events in Iran and some customs are still alive around the country. Here are some of these customs which are done by Iranians in different parts of the country to celebrate the holy month of Ramadan.
Welcoming Ramadan in Mazandaran Province:
Those people living in this province welcome the holy month of Ramadan by fasting in the beginning of the month. In the other words, they fast in the last three days of Shaaban month which is a month before Ramadan. Moreover people hold a ceremony and gather people together to read Al-Anam from holy Quran before the Eftar meal and sunset. At last guests break their fast by bread, water and salt all of which put on a tray.
A Bag of Blessing or Barakat in East Azerbaijan:
on the last Friday of the holy month, women and girls of family living northwest of East Azerbaijan come together in the mosque and sew small bags for their family members. When the bag is completed, they put money in it and call it Barakat sack. It is Turkish world and it means Bag of Blessing. They believe that these bags protect them from poverty.
Jomeh-Alwedaii in Shiraz:
The last Friday of Holy month in Shiraz, people attend in mosques to pray for their wishes in order to become true. This day is famous Jomeh- Alwedaii. This ceremony is full of young girls who wish for getting married and couples wish to have a child. In addition pregnant lady also go to the mosque and sew clothes for their child because they believe that it brings fortune and happiness for them.
Yari Ramadan custom by Turkmen:
Turkmen who are living in the north east of Iran have various rituals during the holy month. The most important one is Ya Ramadan or Yari Ramadan. This means half of the holy month. On the 14th or 15th of the month, an elderly man with a clergy man walk along alleys and streets and read a poem about those who fast during the first two weeks of the month and encourage them to fast for two following weeks. While they are walking in alleys and sing that song, people who are volunteer to help come out of their home give them money or foods. Collected money and food will be distributed among poor people.