Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble
Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble is a 16th century Iranian Sufi that located in Ardabil, Iran. It was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as a finest structure of Iran. Sheikh Safi an eminent leader of an Islamic Sufi was a great master, knowledgeable, genius and highly respected man among people in the past. He was born in Ardabil where this complex is located.
Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble was built in a big and beautiful garden by Sheikh Safi seven hundred ago to teach and raise his students. There is a tall, domed circular tower decorated with blue tile. A beautifully decorated room with an unexpected color scheme, gold, dark red and blue will wait for you inside the shrine. In fact, it is the most interesting and stunning part of the building. The blue and gold ornamented tiles are miraculous and the atmosphere of inside of the tomb is excellent. The courtyard of religious complex is surrounded by buildings all four sides, which covered with blue tiles with green and yellow accents. The complex also include many sections that have served a variety of functions over the past centuries, such as a library, a mosque, a school, mausoleum (the biggest and the most complete Khanegah in Iran), a cistern, a hospital, kitchens, a bakery, and some offices.
colors used in designs, ceilings and walls are original and perfect and the inside is breathtaking and incredible experience. If you want to see the perfect combination of art and religion and the Safavid architecture and art, Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh really will be the best choice and worth a visit.
Why Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh?
- Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili’s monument and tomb is one of the heritages of Iran whose name is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- It is a masterpiece of art and architecture and it has a variety of decorative art.
- It is a rare example of Islamic architecture in Middle Ages.
- This complex contains the tomb of Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili and Shah Ismail and a number of other Safavid elders.
- This collection also gives you the opportunity to visit the museum.
Sheikh Safi al-Din Complex and Tomb: A masterpiece of art and architecture
Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili’s monument complex is a rare monument of Islamic architecture in Middle Ages. It is the only globalized record of Ardabil. With the exception of Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili – the goddess of the Safavid kings and the founder of Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh, there were a number of elders, and rulers of Safavid era, such as King Ismail I (the first king of the Safavids), the wife of King Ismail (mother of King Tahmasb), and those killed in the Shirvan wars and Chaldaran is also buried in this complex.
The collection displays Iranian architecture, the most beautiful and eye-catching type of mosaic and Mogharnas tiles, plastering, exquisite and exquisite inscriptions by renowned Safavid calligraphers such as Mir Emad, Mir Qavamuddin and Mohammad Ismail which are unique engravings. There is also silver work, gilding, gilding, painting, and is one of the most prominent monuments of Iran.
National and World Register of Collection
Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh registered in the list of national monuments of Iran on January 15th in 1310 SH with registration number 64 for its unique features. This valuable heritage has also attracted the attention of experts from around the world, and listed on UNESCO World Heritage List in 2010.
Who was Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili?
Sheikh Safi al-Din Ardebili was a prominent Iranian mystic and the great ancestor of Safavid dynasty, a native of Ardabil. He opened his eyes in 631 SH, and died in 713 SH. He is remembered as the founder of Safavid Khānegāh in Ardebil which made many people as his followers over time.
Most historians have considered his ancestors a Shafi’i Sunni religion, and Hashemite origi who are migrant from Hejaz to Iranian Kurdistan. Sheikh Safi was a follower of Sheikh Zahid Gilani and gained many followers by founding Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh(the place of residence, education and activity of Dervishes and Sufis) in Ardabil. In this hospice, she helped feed the poor and shelter the poor. He was skillful in literature, and has written poems in his native language, Azeri, in the book Safvat as-safa and the Al-Nasib Dynasty.
Various parts of Sheikh Safi al-Din Khānegāh
This collection has many parts that include:
- Shrine and guardian
- The tomb of the princes on the east side of Dar al-Hefaz
- Dar al-Hadis or the Motavali arch that was built in the late Safavid period to accommodate trustees, and they held lectures and discussions there, and today is the tomb of some of the Safavid elders.
- The old and new pavilions, which were located in front of Sheikh Safi al-Din.
- The tomb of Shah Ismail’s wife (mother of Shah Tahmasb), tombs of some emirs and heads of the Safavid dynasty
- Shahidgah area north of Dar al-Hadis dome
- Sheikh Sadr al-Din Musa Front
- Bakeries, kitchens, storerooms, etc.
- The tomb of Sufi elders in a cell in the grave of Sheikh Safi al-Din
- The pantry next to the fountain with a pond and a place to cook sweets and pastries
- The porch of the house which was beneath the ceiling and behind it was the bathroom and some of the houses.And…